Introduction

Guizhou Province

Location: located in the southwest corner of China.

Area: 176,100 sq km

Climate: The annual temperature averages 15°C, with a frost-free period of about 270 days a year. The rainfall per annum is 1100-1300 milimetres. The climate of Guizhou is temperate, without severe winters or hot summers.

Provincial capital: Guiyang

Population: 35.25 millions (March 2001)

Ethnic groups: Han, Miao, Buyi, Dong, Tujia, Yi, Gelao, Shui, Hui, Bai, Yao, Zhuang, Maonan, Mongol, Mulao, Qiang and Man.

Major Cities: Anshun; Zunyi

Agriculture: As the conditions for agricultural production has been improved gradually, the output of the staple crops shows a considerable increase. The production bases have been laid step by step for marketable crops, cured tobacco, rape seed, vegetable, pig, cattle, sheep and woods.

Industry: Owing to the advanced equipment and technology and a complete category of products, many of the products take the first place in this country in their quality, quantity and technical standard. The light and textile industry includes food industry, which takes name-brand liquors and cigarettes and mineral water production as its key component; textile industry, which is characterized by cotton, linen, wool, silk, synthetic fiber and leather processing, and other industry such as paper-making. Among them, cigarette-making and brewery take a national importance. The mineral water is good in quality, large in quantity, and have a considerably good prospect of development .

Guizhou Province, with its capital Guiyang, is located in the southwest China mainland. It adjoins Sichuan Province to the north, Yunnan Province to the west, Guangxi Province to the south and Hunan Province to the east. Guizhou covers an area of over 176,000 square kilometers with a total population of more than 35,245,000. Guizhou has a subtropical humid climate. There are few seasonal changes. The weather is frequently cloudy and rainy all year. The temperature is also moderate, not too cold in the winter, or hot in the summer. Annual rainfall in Guizhou Province averages nearly 1,000-1,300 millimeters and annual temperature averages 15C around.

Guizhou Province is unfamiliar to many travelers and tourists. However, the peculiar natural scenery, remarkable national customs, brilliant history, culture and the pleasant climate condition form a unique, aboriginal, unsophisticated and mysterious landscape which is attracting more and more tourists, both domestic and international. The natural Karst landscape, which contains mountains, water, forests and caves, all in the same location, is breathtaking. Huangguoshu Waterfall is the biggest in China and among the world's famous waterfalls. The Dragon's Palace, which is located nearly twenty miles southwest of Anshun City, is a splendid underground Karst type cave. It looks like a fairy tale crystal palace. A boat-ride will take you to see the magnificent views in the caves, and you will feel like you are in a fairyland. Zhijin cave is another highlight. It is famous for its massive, scale, stalagmites, stone pillars and stone pagodas in unbelievable heights and numbers. There are over forty kinds of Karst precipitation formations in the cave. The Zhinjin Cave is known as "the Museum of Karst Formation". Hongfeng (Red Maple) Lake, thirty-three kilometers from Guiyang city, is also worth a visit. It has over 100 islands within the clear blue water lake. The karst land formations, fascinating water and hills, as well as the spectacular caves make this area a state ranked key scenic location.

More than 15 ethnic groups settled in Guizhou and most of the amazing scenic areas are located in these settled minority areas. In addition to enjoying the scenery, visitors can discover the rich and varied folk customs and cultures of the different ethnic groups of the region. Numerous festivals throughout the year, strong but simple and unsophisticated customs, architectures with unique style and the exotic and colorful costumes, will make tourists feel everything is new and fresh.

Guizhou Province is a fascinating area that can be explored on foot and by basic transport.

Editor:Liu Kan