Chongqing and Marrakech of Morocco in 2006 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on establishing friendly relations and cooperation.
Marrakesh, or Marrakech (pronounced Marra-kesh), is a major city in the northwest African nation of Morocco. With a population of 794,620 and 1,063,415 in the metropolitan area according to the 2004 census, it is Morocco's fourth largest city after Casablanca, Fes and Rabat, and the capital of the mid-southwestern economic region of Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz, near the foothills of the snow-capped Atlas Mountains. By road, Marrakesh is located 580 km (360 mi) southwest of Tangier, 327 km (203 mi) southwest of the Moroccan capital of Rabat, 239 km southwest of Casablanca, and 246 km northeast of Agadir.
Marrakesh is the most important of the four former imperial cities in the history of Morocco.
Like many Moroccan cities, Marrakesh comprises both an old fortified city packed with many people working on stalls (the medina) and modern neighborhoods, the most prominent of which is Gueliz. Today it is one of the busiest cities in Africa, a major economic centre and tourist destination. Tourism is strongly advocated by the reigning Moroccan monarch, Mohammed VI, with the goal of doubling the number of tourists visiting Morocco to 20 million by 2020. Despite the economic recession, real estate and hotel development has rocketed in the city in the 21st century, and in 2012 alone, 19 new hotels were due to open.
Marrakesh is served by Ménara International Airport and Marrakesh railway station, which connects it to Casablanca and the north. Marrakesh has several universities and schools, including Cadi Ayyad University. A number of Moroccan football clubs are located here including Najm de Marrakech, KAC Marrakech, Mouloudia de Marrakech and Chez Ali Club de Marrakech. The Marrakesh Street Circuit hosts races of the World Touring Car Championship, Formula 2 and Auto GP World Series.