Chongqing’s earliest map exhibited at Southwest University
Chongqing’s earliest map, “Wanli Chongqing Prefecture Chorography · Chongqing Prefecture Map” (Picture provided by Southwest University)
CHONGQING (CQNEWS) -- On June 15, at the Southwest University Central Library, “Chongqing in Time – Exhibition of Chongqing Prefecture Chorography” was inaugurated. Visitors can observe not only the earliest map of Chongqing and the colored regional map but also the classical landscape map during the reign of Emperor Qianlong, hydrology map during the reign of Emperor Guangxu, landscape sand table during the late Qing Dynasty as well as several other valuable maps.
Prefecture chorography is a book fully recording the nature, society, politics, economy, culture and other aspects of a region during a period in a stylistic rule and layout.
Lan Yong, director of Southwestern History Research Institute and doctorial tutor of Historical Geography of Southwest University, introduced that “Wanli Chongqing Prefecture Chorography · Chongqing Prefecture Map” is the earliest Chongqing Urban Map discovered so far and has a history of 411 years.
It was found that the map applied the traditional planar projection and drawn with single lines; and it clearly presented the master outline of Yuzhong Peninsula and main urban areas as well as such information as terrain and four boundaries. The plotting of details on the map combined with text annotation and features description, defined such information as wall, gate, guild hall and state office, which has an important value for current historical research. (Translated by Liu Hongyan, Fathom Language Limited)