Zhu Xuanxian is an artist of traditional Chinese painting, woodcut and caricature, and also an activist in fine arts.
The Bayu culture is one of the most distinctive cultures at the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. It is a regional culture initially developed by the Ba people.Having lived around dangerous mountains and rivers for a long time, the Ba people have grown very strong, brave, and willful. In Chongqing, for instance, men are zealous and persistent, and women are mild but independent.
As one of the representatives of Bayu culture, Sichuan opera has outstanding plays, variable melodies and excellent acting arts.
With a long history, Sichuan opera is one of the representatives of Bayu culture, having developed many outstanding traditional plays, variable melodies, and excellent acting arts.The unique skills include "face-changing", "fire-spitting", "long-sleeve fluttering" and so on.
Haozi, Work Songs,appeared and were sung in labor; therefore their rhythms are closely connected with labor rhythms.
The boats traveling in the river in the old society were mostly pulled by manpower and required anywhere from ten to 100 people or more. The workers developed a song to unite them under a single rhythm while they pulled.
The dock culture of Chongqing mainly consists of Paoge culture and Teahouse culture, indicating a rich flavor of Bayu life.
Chongqing has always been the water transportation hub at the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. Inter-mingling the city culture of Shuzhong (middle of Sichuan), the southwest China, and even the whole Yangtze River area, the dock culture has been cultivated based on the unique local culture of Chongqing.
With the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War (1937-1945), on October, 1938, the Japanese army occupied Guangzhou and Wuhan. Then, the government of the Kuomintang (KMT) party withdrew to Chongqing from Nanjing, and made Chongqing the temporary wartime capital. As a result, Chongqing became the political, military, economic, and diplomatic center of China at that time.
As the temporary capital during the Anti-Japanese War, many historical places were built in Chongqing and over 400 relics have survived, according to incomplete statistics.